[Quick Answer]: What is the definition of flexion and extension?

Flexion describes a bending movement that decreases the angle between a segment and its proximal segment. … Extension is the opposite of flexion, describing a straightening movement that increases the angle between body parts. For example, when standing up, the knees are extended.

What is flexion and extension of muscles?

Flexion and extension are usually movements forward and backward from the body, such as nodding the head. Flexion: decreasing the angle between two bones (bending). Extension: increasing the angle between two bones (straightening a bend). The triceps brachii and anconeus are muscles that extend the elbow.

What is a flexion movement definition?

1 : a bending movement around a joint in a limb (as the knee or elbow) that decreases the angle between the bones of the limb at the joint — compare extension sense 2. 2 : a forward raising of the arm or leg by a movement at the shoulder or hip joint.

How can you tell the difference between flexion and extension?

The main difference between flexion and extension is that flexion is the action that brings the two bones together, decreasing the angle between the bones whereas extension is the action that increases the angle between the two bones.

What is the medical definition of flexion?

Flexion is the anatomical name for forward bending. When treating back pain, many spine specialists encourage exercises to strengthen the muscles that act to bring the spine into flexion.

What is the difference between flexion and extension class 12?

Flexion: Flexion leads to the bending of the bones, bringing the two bones together. Extension: Extension leads to the straightening of the bones, dispersing the two bones.

What is shoulder extension and flexion?

The words flexion and extension refer to how the shoulder muscles are moving in relation to how you move your arms. A shoulder flexion is when you move your arms anywhere from a resting position by your sides to straight above your head. An extension is when you move your arms and stick them out behind you.

What is flexion with example?

Flexion – bending a joint. This occurs when the angle of a joint decreases. For example, the elbow flexes when performing a biceps curl. The knee flexes in preparation for kicking a ball.

What is extending in physical education?

An extension is a physical position that increases the angle between the bones of the limb at a joint. It occurs when muscles contract and bones move the joint from a bent position to a straight position.

What is extension of the foot?

Dorsiflexion is the backward bending and contracting of your hand or foot. This is the extension of your foot at the ankle and your hand at the wrist. … Dorsiflexion occurs in your ankle when you draw your toes back toward your shins. You contract the shinbones and flex the ankle joint when you dorsiflex your foot.

What is difference between flexion and extension of hip?

The structure of the hip allows a wide range of motion to (and between) the extreme ranges of anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral movement. Raising the leg toward the front is termed flexion, pushing the leg toward the back is termed extension (Figure 2).

What is flexion extension abduction and adduction?

Abduction is the movement away from the midline of the body. Adduction is the movement toward the middle line of the body. Extension is the straightening of limbs (increase in angle) at a joint. Flexion is bending the limbs (reduction of angle) at a joint. Rotation is a circular movement around a fixed point.

Is plantar flexion extension or flexion?

Everything you need to know about plantar flexion. Plantar flexion describes the extension of the ankle so that the foot points down and away from the leg. When in a standing position, this would mean pointing the foot towards the floor.

What is flexion in nursing?

What is Flexion? definition. Bending at a joint, causing a decrease in the angle between the bones that form the joint.

What is extension medical term?

Medical Definition of extension

1 : the stretching of a fractured or dislocated limb so as to restore it to its natural position. 2 : an unbending movement around a joint in a limb (as the knee or elbow) that increases the angle between the bones of the limb at the joint — compare flexion sense 1. extension. noun.

What is flexion in biology?

Flexion, or bending, occurs when the angle between the bones decreases. Moving the forearm upward at the elbow or moving the wrist to move the hand toward the forearm are examples of flexion. Extension is the opposite of flexion in that the angle between the bones of a joint increases.

What do you mean by flexion Class 12?

Flexion It takes place when the angle decreases between the two bones attached to a joint. Extension It takes place when the angle between the two bones attached to a joint increases. Both flexion and extension occur in the sagittal plane about the frontal axis.

What is flexion give two suitable examples Class 12?

Flexion is a movement in which the angle between two body segments gets smaller. Take a minute to think of any two body segments next to each other. Examples are the hand and forearm, thigh and shin, arm and torso, etc.

What is difference between adduction and abduction?

With abduction, limbs (arms, legs or fingers) are moved away from your body’s midline. Adduction, however, refers to moving your limbs closer to the midline.

What is flexion of humerus?

Flexion: the movement of humerus straight anteriorly. Extension: the movement of humerus straight posteriorly. External rotation: the movement of humerus laterally around its long axis away from the midline. Internal rotation: the movement of humerus medially around its long axis toward the midline.

What is knee extension and flexion?

Seated Knee Flexion and Extensions – YouTube

How do I remember my flexion and extension?

Easiest Way to Remember Movement Terms | Corporis – YouTube

What is extension of the arm?

Arm extension represents the opposite movement to arm flexion where the arm moves posteriorly. … It is the opposite of arm flexion and contributes to the combined movement of shoulder circumduction. It is produced by: deltoid (posterior fibers)

What does extension look like?

Chrome Web Store – What is an extension? – YouTube

Where does flexion and extension occur?

(a)–(b) Flexion and extension motions are in the sagittal (anterior–posterior) plane of motion. These movements take place at the shoulder, hip, elbow, knee, wrist, metacarpophalangeal, metatarsophalangeal, and interphalangeal joints.

What is plantar flexion in PE?

Plantar flexion – pointing the toes – this movement only occurs at the ankle, for example, pointing the toes in ballet. Dorsiflexion – the foot moves towards the shin as if you are pulling your toes up. This movement only occurs at the ankle.

What is horizontal flexion?

Horizontal flexion:

Refers to movement where the angle between two bones decreases and on the horizontal plane.

What is flexion of the foot?

Plantar flexion is the movement that allows you to press the gas pedal of your car. … The term plantar flexion refers to the movement of the foot in a downward motion away from the body. This movement is crucial in many actions including the everyday action of walking.

What is flexion and extension of the foot?

Flexion and extension of the foot

Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion refer to extension or flexion of the foot at the ankle. These terms refer to flexion in direction of the “back” of the foot, which is the upper surface of the foot when standing, and flexion in direction of the sole of the foot.

Why is plantar flexion true flexion?

Dorsiflexion moves the top (dorsum) of the foot up toward the anterior surface of the leg. … Plantarflexion moves the foot in line with the leg to point the toes. It could be considered “true” flexion at the ankle.

What is flexion of thumb?

Abduction vs. Adduction, Flexion vs. Extension and Opposition of the …

What is elevation movement?

Elevation refers to movement in a superior direction. Depression refers to movement in an inferior direction, the opposite of elevation.

What do you mean by adduction?

Adduction: Movement of a limb toward the midline of the body. The opposite of adduction is abduction.

What is flexion and extension of the ankle?

Flexion and extension at the ankle are referred to as dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, respectively (Figure 2). “Dorsi” refers to the top of the foot, while “plantar” refers to the bottom of the foot. The term “flexion” is incorporated to indicate movement upwards (dorsiflex) or downwards (plantarflex).

What is inversion movement?

Inversion is the turning of the foot to angle the bottom of the foot toward the midline, while eversion turns the bottom of the foot away from the midline.

What are Dorsiflexors and plantar flexors?

Dorsiflexion involves just lifting the foot. Plantar flexion involves lifting the whole body. So it’s not surprising that the muscles for plantar flexion are much larger than the ones for dorsiflexion. There’s one muscle on the front of the leg for dorsiflexion, tibialis anterior.

What are the different types of body movement explain?

Types of movements in the human body

Flexion Bending
Extension Straightening
Abduction Moving away from the reference axis
Adduction Bringing closer to the reference axis
Protrusion Forward

What is extension explain?

noun. an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. the state of being extended, lengthened, or stretched out. that by which something is extended or enlarged, an addition: a four-room extension to a house.

What is extension and example?

The definition of an extension is an addition such as to a building, an extra phone line connected to the main line or an extra amount of time given to someone to pay a debt. An example of an extension is adding a second story to a single story house. An example of an extension is line two on a business line.

Who gives the term extension?

The word extension is derived from the latin roots ‘ex’ – meaning ‘out’ and ‘tensio’ meaning ‘stretching’. … The word ‘extension’ came to be used originally in USA during 1914 which means “a branch of a university for students who cannot attend the university proper”.