The roof slope factor is written as **“x/12**,” where “x” is the vertical distance you measured from roof to level. … If the measurement was 8, then your roof slope factor is 8/12, and you have a conventional roof slope. The roof slope factor is a measurement of the vertical rise in inches over a 12-inch span.

## How do you find the pitch factor on a roof?

Simply **locate a roof rafter board**, place the end of the level against the bottom edge and measure from the 12-inch mark vertically to the bottom edge of the rafter. This will give you the rise over run, or pitch. For example, if you measure 4 inches, the pitch of your roof is 4:12.

## How do you factor a slope?

In construction, the slope factor can be used to easily calculate the area of a roof. The slope factor works with metric and imperial measurements. The area of a Hip roof equals the area of a gable roof with the same dimensions.

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Results:

Slope Factor | # |
---|---|

Roof Angle | ° |

Grade | % |

## What is slope gain factor?

Slope gain factor might be **the length, per foot of horz run, of a rafter, given the slope**. Politics is the antithesis of problem solving. dovetail97128 Nov 12, 2008 02:15am #4. Length of rafter per foot of run for a given slope.

## What is the standard roof slope?

The majority of North American residential roofs have historically been constructed with a slope **between about 4:12 and 9:12**. Roofs at the lower end of the range (about 4:12 to 6:12) are relatively easy to walk and work on.

## What is the formula for pitch factor?

Pitch Factor is calculated by **dividing the coil throw (–) 1 (coil span), by the number of slots per pole**.

## What roof pitch is 8 degrees?

Chart: Slopes in Degrees Converted to Standard Roof Pitch

Convert Roof Slope from Degrees to Rise-in-Run | |
---|---|

5° | 1.050 in 12 |

6° | 1.261 in 12 |

7° | 1.473 in 12 |

8° | 1.687 in 12 |

## How is roof slope measured?

Slope is the incline of the roof expressed as a ratio of the vertical rise to the horizontal run, where the run is some portion of the span. This ratio is always expressed as **inches per foot**. A roof that rises 4 inches for every 1 foot or 12 inches of run is said to have a “4 in 12” slope.

## What is an 8 12 pitch roof?

The 8/12 or 8 on 12 roof pitch are most common types of residential roof pitch which are a **sloping surfaces with an angle of usually 33.69° degrees steepness of a roof with it’s vertical rise of 8 inches over its 12″ or 1 foot horizontal distance** or run in building construction.

## What is the slope of a 3/12 roof?

The 8/12 or 8 on 12 roof pitch are most common types of residential roof pitch which are a **sloping surfaces with an angle of usually 33.69° degrees steepness of a roof with it’s vertical rise of 8 inches over its 12″ or 1 foot horizontal distance** or run in building construction.

## What is rafter factor?

For example, if your roof pitch is 30ﹾ and your run is 2.4m then reading from the table the rafter length factor is **1.15**. Multiply this factor by your run which gives your rafter length. If you want to add on a rafter foot (overhang) add this to your rafter length.

## What does a 4/12 pitch roof mean?

A roof that **rises 4 inches for every 1 foot or 12 inches of run** is said to have a “4 in 12” slope. … The slope can be expressed numerically as a ratio. The slope ratio represents a certain amount of vertical rise for every 12 inches of horizontal run. For example, a “4 in 12” slope can be expressed as the ratio of 4:12.

## What is the best angle for a roof?

The lower the pitch, the greater the amount of water that the roof slope will collect and discharge. **35°** is considered to be the minimum for slate and clay, but if you do need to go below this, interlocking concrete tiles are the best option.

## What do you mean by pitch factor?

Definition of pitch factor

: **the ratio of the voltage induced in a short-pitch winding to the voltage that would be induced if the winding were full pitch**.

## What is full pitch winding?

Definition of full-pitch winding

: **the winding of an armature in which the two sides of the armature coil span a distance equal to the pole pitch**.

## What is pole pitch and pitch factor?

Electronics &, ElectricalElectronDigital Electronics. Coil span or coil pitch is defined as the distance between the two sides of a coil. Pole pitch is **defined as the angular distance between the central line of one pole to the central line of the next pole**.

## What is a 12 6 roof pitch?

Roof pitch (or slope) tells you how many inches the roof rises for every 12 inches in depth. An Example of a roof pitch would be a “6/12 pitch” which means that **the roof rises 6 ” for every 12″ inward towards the peak (or ridge)**.

## How many degrees is a 7 12 pitch?

For example a 7:12 roof pitch means that for ever 12″ of horizontal distance the roof will increase in height by 7″. The following diagram will let you easily convert roof pitch to degrees, a 7:12 pitch equals **30.26 degrees**.

## What is hip and valley factor?

What is a Hip and Valley Factor? The hip and valley factor is **a number that is multiplied by the run, or horizontal distance covered, of a common rafter to determine the length of a hip or valley rafter**. Repeat, the horizontal distance covered, not the length, of a common rafter.

## What is the factor that is considered in the roof truss and why?

The factor, which is considered in the roof truss, is pitch, it is defined as **the ratio of the span length to the depth of the truss**, is governed by the roofing material and other requirements such as ventilation and light.

## What degree is an 812 pitch?

If a roof rises 8″ in a length of 12″, this is 8/12 roof pitch. 8/12 roof pitch angle = **33.69 degrees**.

## Is a 8/12 roof pitch steep?

Steep pitch vs.

As an example, 8/12 means **that for every foot, the rooftop rises 8 inches**. Slopes around 6/12 are the most common, while anything below 4/12 is typically considered a low pitch. A steep pitch has several advantages.

## What is a 4 pitch roof?

A 4/12 roof pitch indicates **the roof rises 4 inches in height for every 12 inches**, as measured horizontally from the edge of the roof to the centerline. The gentle slope of a 4/12 pitch roof falls on the cusp between low-pitch and moderate-pitch.

## What is a 1/12 roof slope?

Roof pitch is simply the slope created by the rafter. … Roof pitch is often expressed as a ratio between rise and run in the form of x:12. For example, a pitch of 1:12 means that **for every twelve yards of building length, the rise will be equal to one yard.**

## What kind of roof do I need for a 2 12 pitch?

A pitch of 2/12 is the minimum for **shingles made of asphalt**, so your roof just barely makes the cut-off for one of the most popular roofing material options. Resilient asphalt shingles lie much flatter to the substrate than slate, tile and concrete, which keeps water from being easily blown under them.

## How many degrees is a 3 pitch roof?

Roof Pitch and Corresponding Angles

Roof Pitch (slope) | Roof Angle (degree) |
---|---|

1:12 Pitch | 4.76° |

2:12 Pitch | 9.46° |

3:12 Pitch | 14.04° |

4:12 Pitch | 18.43° |

## How do you calculate the slope of a rafter?

How to determine the slope of a roof – YouTube

## How many degrees is a 4/12 pitch?

Unless you’re incredibly talented at math, you’ll have to do a bit of calculating to get the pitch angle. What is roof pitch angle? So, the 4/12 roof pitch angle is about **18.4°**. A 3/12 roof pitch angle is about 14°, so on and so forth.

## How do you figure roof pitch and rafter length?

Calculating rafter length – YouTube

## What is considered a low pitch roof?

A low-slope roof is one that has a **slope of less than 3-in-12**. This means that for every horizontal foot, the roof level goes up less than 3 inches vertically.

## How do I determine the slope of my roof?

The pitch of your roof is determined by **the measurement of the vertical rise by the horizontal run**. That is to say, the roof pitch (expressed as a ratio) tells you how many inches the roof rises for every 12 inches of depth. So, let’s say a roof rises 6 inches for every 12 inches in depth towards the peak.

## What is a good roof pitch for snow?

Roofs in snowy climates should have a slope of **at least a 10-degree pitch minimum**. A steeper angled roof sheds the snow more quickly. While the angle of the roof helps shed snow, adding too many angles to the roof for a more aesthetic effect could cause structural problems with snow shedding in the wintertime.

## What is distribution factor?

The distribution factor is defined as **the ratio of phasor sum of coil emf to the arithmetic sum of coil emf** which is denoted as Kd. It is also known as belt factor or breadth factor. The formula for finding Distribution factor is, Note that, Distribution factor is always less than unity.

## What is distribution factor What is its effect?

The Distribution Factor is also known as the Breadth Factor or Belt factor or Spread factor. It is defined as **the ratio of the actual voltage obtained to the possible voltage if all the coils of a polar group were concentrated in a single slot**. It is denoted by K.

## What is coil span factor and distribution factor?

The Coil Span Factor or Pitch Factor K_{C} is defined as **the ratio of the voltage generated in the short pitch coil to the voltage generated in the full pitch coil**. The distance between the two sides of a coil is called the Coil Span or Coil Pitch Factor. It is also known as Chording Factor.

## What is the difference between full pitch and short pitch?

The angular distance between the two coil sides is one pole pitch, it is called a full pitch coil. The angular distance between the two coil sides is **less than one pole pitch**, it is termed short pitch or fractional pitch coil.

## What is lap and wave winding?

Wave Winding. The lap winding can be defined as **a coil which can be lap back toward the succeeding coil**. The wave winding can be defined as the loop of the winding can form the signal shape. The connection of the lap winding is, the armature coil end is connected to the nearby section on the commutators.

## What is coil pitch and coil span?

Coil pitch or coil span is defined as **the angular distance between the two coil sides of one coil**. It is expressed in terms of electrical space degree. Coil pitch is 180 electrical space degree for full pitch coil and less than 180 degree for short pitch coil. A coil is basically any number of turns.

## How is pole pitch calculated?

Pole Pitch is **equal to the total number of armature slots divided by the total number of poles in the machine**. For example, if there are 96 slots on the armature periphery and 4 poles, the number of armature slots that come between two adjacent pole centers would be 96/4 = 24.

## What does pole pitch mean?

The pole pitch is defined as **the peripheral distance between centers of two adjacent poles in dc machine**. This distance is measured in terms of armature slots or armature conductors come between two adjacent pole centers.

## How do you calculate coil windings?

Refer to the manufacturer’s specification regarding the winding or measure it with a micrometer from the center of the wire coil to the outer section of the coil. Call this value “r.” **A = 3.1415 *** (1.5)(1.5) = 7.068 square meters. Find the number of wire turns and the length of the wire.