[FAQ]: What is the highest stretch of the great escarpment known as?

The Drakensberg (Afrikaans: Drakensberge, Zulu: uKhahlamba, Sotho: Maluti) is the eastern portion of the Great Escarpment, which encloses the central Southern African plateau.

What is called the region to the north of the Great Escarpment?

The region to the north of this area is called ‘Drought Quadrilateral‘.

What is meant by the great escarpment?

Great Escarpment, plateau edge of southern Africa that separates the region’s highland interior plateau from the fairly narrow coastal strip. … The escarpment is sharply defined or rather indistinct depending on whether the plateau edge rocks are hard-overlying-soft or are of undifferentiated hardness.

What is the land inside the Great Escarpment?

The land inside the Great Escarpment is mostly hills and plateaus. The Limpopo River starts in eastern Angola and flows south through western Zambia. Most of the Namib Desert is quite arid. The Kariba Dam is located on the Okavango River between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe.

What is the altitude of the Great Escarpment?

Here the escarpment rises to its greatest height of more than 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).

Where is Great Escarpment in Brazil?

The Great Escarpment in Brazil is a major geological formation that runs along much of the eastern coast of Brazil south of the city of Salvador. The escarpment runs along the central and south Atlantic coasts of Brazil, rising sharply and separating the highland plateau from the coast.

What are the names of the three mountains that form part of the escarpment in South Africa?

The Great Escarpment reaches its greatest elevation – 2,000 to 3,482 metres (6,562 to 11,424 feet) within the border region of South Africa and Lesotho.

Etymology Dragon’s Mountain (modern day) and Crazy Carriers Mountain from Voortrekkers (historical)
Native name Maluti (Sotho) uKhahlamba (Zulu)

What is an escarpment in geography?

An escarpment is an area of the Earth where elevation changes suddenly. Escarpment usually refers to the bottom of a cliff or a steep slope. … One side of an escarpment may be eroded more than the other side. The result of this unequal erosion is a transition zone from one type of sedimentary rock to another.

What is the great escarpment quizlet?

What is the Great Escarpment? A landform that rims Southern Africa from Angola to South Africa. It forms where the narrow coastal plains meet the elevated plateaus in a great break of elevation.

What caused the Great Rift Valley and the Great Escarpment?

What caused the Great Rift Valley and the Great Escarpment? The great escarpments in Sub-Saharan Africa were formed by rivers flowing for long eons through the plains and plateaus.

Where is the escarpment?

The Niagara Escarpment is a long escarpment, or cuesta, in Canada and the United States that runs predominantly east–west from New York through Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Illinois. The escarpment is most famous as the cliff over which the Niagara River plunges at Niagara Falls, for which it is named.

Where is the escarpment in South Africa?

The Great Escarpment is a major geological formation in the southern part of Africa, and a large portion of its areas lies within the borders of the nation of South Africa. It extends to form the border between Zimbabwe and Mozambique and in the western region, it continues up to northwards into Angola and Namibia.

How big is the Great Escarpment?

The southern African Great Escarpment is a 5,000 km-long, semi-continuous mountain range system comprised of most of southern Africa’s principal geological suites, in varying climatic conditions (White 1983, Moore and Blenkinsop 2006), but with consistent geomorphology as a plateau margin (Van Zinderen Bakker 1983).

How far does the Drakensberg stretch?

Drakensberg, the main mountain range of Southern Africa. The Drakensberg rises to more than 11,400 feet (3,475 metres) and extends roughly northeast to southwest for 700 miles (1,125 km) parallel to the southeastern coast of South Africa.

Which is the great escarpment of India?

The Western Ghat: The Great Escarpment of India.

How high is a plateau?

The plateau stretches approximately 100 km east to west and 130 km north to south. The majority of the plateau is more than 600 m above sea level.

What is the highest peak in Brazil?

Neblina Peak, Portuguese Pico da Neblina, peak in the Imeri Mountains, Amazonas estado (state), northern Brazil, near the Venezuelan border. Reaching 9,888 feet (3,014 metres) above sea level, it is the highest point in Brazil.

What role does the Great Escarpment play in Brazil?

The Great Escarpment is an important physiographic division of Brazil. … The escarpment act as a barrier to the South-east Trade winds giving rise to the rain shadow area in the north-eastern part of the highlands. The region to the north of this area is called ‘Drought Quadrilateral’.

What is the capital of Brazil?

Brasília, city, federal capital of Brazil. It is located in the Federal District (Distrito Federal) carved out of Goiás state on the central plateau of Brazil.

What is the highest peak in the Drakensberg?

Thabana Ntlenyana, also called Thadentsonyane, Thabantshonyana, or Mount Ntlenyana, mountain peak (11,424 feet [3,482 m]) in the Drakensberg and the highest in Africa south of Kilimanjaro.

What is the tallest mountain in Africa called Where is it located?

Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the African continent’s highest peak at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet). The majestic mountain is a snow-capped volcano.

What does Chop mean in South Africa?

If you can call someone a chop it means they are being silly or an acting like an idiot, “Don’t be a chop”. Calling someone a chop often does not mean any harm, it is a light and playful insult and this word is most commonly used in a friendly way between associates.

What is the difference between plateau and escarpment?

As nouns the difference between plateau and escarpment

is that plateau is a largely level expanse of land at a high elevation, tableland while escarpment is a steep descent or declivity, steep face or edge of a ridge, ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach.

How do you identify an escarpment on a map?

Contour Lines: Contour lines are used to determine elevations and are lines on a map that are produced from connecting points of equal elevation (elevation refers to height in feet, or meters, above sea level).

What does a escarpment look like?

An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as a result of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively level areas having different elevations. The terms scarp and scarp face are often used interchangeably with escarpment.

What are the primary biofuels in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Jatropha (for biodiesel), sugarcane (for ethanol) and molasses (for ethanol) have been the biofuel feedstocks that have attracted the most interest across Africa, dominating proposed biofuel investments in the continent.

In what part of Sub-Saharan Africa are the most secure wildlife reserves located?

The most secure wildlife reserves in Sub-Saharan Africa are located in the southern and eastern part of the region.

Which river is a critical source of water for West Africa especially Mali and Niger?

One feature, the Niger River, has been particularly important in the region’s history, providing water, food, and transportation for people.

What is the highest point on the Niagara Escarpment?


What is the escarpment in Milton?

About Escarpment Country™

Escarpment Country™, centred around the town of Milton, Ontario, encompasses 380 square kilometers of lush countryside, including the Niagara Escarpment and the watershed areas of 12 Mile and 16 Mile Creeks.

Is the Grand Canyon an escarpment?

The Rim is an escarpment defining the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau. Its central and most spectacular portions are characterized by high cliffs of limestone and sandstone, namely the Kaibab Limestone and Coconino Sandstone cliffs.

What is the name of the escarpment found in Southern Province?

Zambezi Escarpment is a name used for the escarpments forming both sides of the rift valley or graben in which lie the middle Zambezi river and Lake Kariba.

What is the highest point in Durban?

The Drakensberg Mountain Range is one of South Africa’s most spectacular natural wonders, showcasing a selection of the most breath-taking vistas imaginable. It is the highest mountain range in the country, reaching an impressive 3 482 metres above sea level.

What is the height of the highest land in the province?


Rank Province Elevation
1 KwaZulu-Natal 3,451 m (11,322 ft)
2 Free State 3,274 m (10,741 ft)
3 Eastern Cape 3,019 m (9,905 ft)
4 Mpumalanga 2,331 m (7,648 ft)

What is the height of the highest land in KwaZulu-Natal?


KwaZulu-Natal iKwaZulu-Natali (in Zulu)
• Total 94,361 km2 (36,433 sq mi)
Area rank 7th in South Africa
Highest elevation 3,451 m (11,322 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)

What is the highest peak in Eastern Ghats?

Jindhagada Peak

Which is the highest peak of Western Ghats?

Cardamom Hills

Which is the highest peak of Western Ghats Class 9?

  • Anamudi or Anai Mudi is a mountain located in the Indian state of Kerala.
  • It is the highest peak in the Western Ghats and South India, at an elevation of 2,695 meters, and a topographic prominence of 2,479 meters.

Which is the largest and highest plateau?

The highest and biggest plateau on Earth, the Tibetan Plateau in East Asia, resulted from a collision between two tectonic plates about 55 million years ago. The land buckled up along the seam of the collision and formed the Himalaya mountain range.

What is the highest plateau in the world?

It towers over southwestern China at an average elevation of 4000 m above sea level and is known as “the roof of the world.” Covering more than 2.5 million km(2), the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau is the highest and largest plateau in the world.

Which is the highest plateau in the world answer?

Complete answer:The highest and largest of all the plateaus in the world is the Tibetan Plateau which is metaphorically described as the “Roof of the world”. It is still being formed by the collisions of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates.