The Spartan general Lysander has the walls of Athens demolished in 404 BC, as a result of the Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War.
What was the outcome of the Peloponnesian War for Athens?
It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded. Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece.
What was the major impact of Athens lost in the Peloponnesian wars?
Impact of the Peloponnesian War
Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.
What happened to Athens after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. … Worse, the Thirty alienated Sparta’s friends.
Who won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BCE?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of Greeks died, the city-states’ military and economic power were weakened for 50 years.
What was one effect of the Peloponnesian War?
What was an effect of the Peloponnesian War? The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.
How did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War Impact ancient Greece?
What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The Greek empire doubled in size. The Greek empire split, granting Sparta independence. The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end.
What caused the downfall of Athens?
What caused the downfall of Athens? Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders.
Which of the following best describes the results of the Peloponnesian War?
What best describes the result of the Peloponnesian War? Athens and Sparta fought a vicious war, won by Sparta that left Greece devastated.
Who defeated the Spartans after the Peloponnesian War?
In the battle, the Athenians obliterated the Spartan fleet, and succeeded in re-establishing the financial basis of the Athenian Empire. Between 410 and 406, Athens won a continuous string of victories, and eventually recovered large portions of its empire.
What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on the city-states?
All Greek city-states were weakened by the war. Many casualties. Farms were destroyed. The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible.
Who won the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
The Athenians won victory over a Peloponnesian fleet, having sunk about 40 of 70 ships (something like that).
How did Athens and Sparta defeat the Persian Empire in the Persian wars?
They were sure of victory. However, the Athenian ships, called triremes, were fast and maneuverable. They rammed into the sides of the large Persian ships and sunk them. They soundly defeated the Persians causing Xerxes to retreat back to Persia.
Who won at mantinea?
The great Battle of Mantinea (also called “Second Mantinea” to distinguish it from the events of 418) was a technical victory for Thebes in the strictly military sense, but (as Xenophon noted) it was actually indecisive: Epaminondas’s death permanently crushed Theban hopes of leadership in Greece.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What contributed to Athens losing the Peloponnesian War? – Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. – The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly. – The Spartans successfully broke through the walls around Athens.
How did Athens hope to defeat Sparta during the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
How did Athens hope to defeat Sparta during the Peloponnesian War? Athens wanted to use its superior navy to attack Sparta and its allies by sea.
What was an outcome of the Peloponnesian War text to speech?
What was an outcome of the Peloponnesian War? Sparta defeated Athens.
Why did Athens fight in the Peloponnesian War?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
Which was the most important effect of the Peloponnesian War?
The most important effect of the Peloponnesian War was the fact that other nations saw Greece’s lack of unification as weak. The Peloponnesian War was the armed conflict between Sparta its allies and Athens and its allies to gain control over Athens.
What losses did Athens suffer?
An outbreak of plague took many lives in Athens. The city was also overcrowded. What two losses did the city-states suffer during the war? Economic and military power.
Was Athens or Sparta better?
Two of the most famous and influential city-‐states were Sparta and Athens. … Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece.
What ended Greek civilization?
The final demise of ancient Greece came at the Battle of Corinth in 146 B.C.E. After conquering Corinth the ancient Romans plundered the city and wrecked the city making ancient Greece succumb to ancient Rome. Even though ancient Greece was ruled by ancient Rome, the ancient Romans kept the culture intact.
When did Athens fall to Rome?
Athens and the rest of the peninsula was conquered by Rome in 146 BCE. In 88, Athens joined forces with Mithridates VI, king of Pontus, revolted against Rome, which led the Roman army to sack the city under the instructions of the ruthless Roman stateman Sulla.
Why did the Peloponnesian war start?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What were the strengths and weaknesses of Athens in the Peloponnesian War?
Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.
Why did other city-states become angry with Athens?
Why did other city-states become angry with Athens? Athens was using the Delian League’s money to rebuild Athens (because it had been burned down during the Persian Wars.) What was Pericles’ nickname? Why did Pericles have the Long Walls built?
What is the significance of the Greek city-state or polis?
A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.
Why did the Spartans won the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta and her allies won the Peloponnesian Wars due to the strength of the Spartan military, poor Athenian choices made in battle, and the physical state of Athens by the end of the war. … But, Athens could not compare with Sparta in terms of military power.
What happened when Athens attacked Syracuse quizlet?
What was the outcome of the Athenian attack on Syracuse? The Athenians lost 20,000-40,000 men. In what year did the Peloponnesian War end? 404 B.C.
How did the Peloponnesian War end quizlet?
In 404 B.C., when Athens surrendered. … Also known as the Fifty-Year Peace, was a peace treaty signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in March 421 BC, ending the first half of the Peloponnesian War.
What led to Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War choose all that apply?
What led to Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War? (A plague killed competent leaders. All of these are correct. Persia tricked Athens into an alliance. Athenian navy was weakened by Sparta.
How was the Persian Empire defeated?
For more than two centuries, the Achaemenid Empire of Persia ruled the Mediterranean world. … But Persia’s rule as a dominant empire would finally be brought to an end by a brilliant military and political strategist, Alexander the Great. Alexander III was born in 356 B.C. in the small Kingdom of Macedonia.
What happened to Sparta after the Persian War?
Once Sparta withdrew from the Delian League after the Persian Wars, it reformed the Peloponnesian League, which had originally been formed in the 6th century and provided the blueprint for what was now the Delian League. … Map of the Athenian Empire c. 431 BCE.
Who won the battle of Delium?
Battle of Delium
|Battle of Delium (Delion)|
|Date 424 BC Location Delium Result Boeotian victory|
|Commanders and leaders|
Who won the battle of Mantinea in 362 BC?
The battle was to determine which of the two alliances would dominate Greece.
Battle of Mantinea (362 BC)
|Date||4 July 362 BC|
|Location||Near Mantineia, Arcadia37.6°N 22.4°ECoordinates:37.6°N 22.4°E|
|Result||Tactical Theban victory|
Who won the battle of amphipolis?
Battle of Amphipolis
|Location||Amphipolis Coordinates: 40°49′25″N 23°50′49″E|
|Result||Decisive Spartan victory|
How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War? Sparta became the dominant power but was not strong enough to control Greece. This led to fighting between Sparta, Thebes, and Athens for control.
Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War?
Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War? Because their economy was destroyed, their crops trampled and lost, citites were ruined, and the population was destroyed by plague and fighting. … Both sides grow weak because their people, land, and economy are ruined.
Who took over the Greek city-states because the Peloponnesian War had weakened them?
The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4th century BCE.